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Glaucoma 101

PRM_Glaucoma101

As the second leading cause of blindness, glaucoma is a common eye disease that is often difficult to detect and slow to develop. It is important to have regular eye exams to maintain the health of your eyes.

 

  • What is glaucoma and what causes it?

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Glaucoma is a slow process of fluid building up behind the eye. This increases eye pressure, damaging optic nerve fibers, leading to reduced vision or blindness in extreme cases.

 

 

  • Warning signs?

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It can be difficult for patients to detect vision loss because the eye naturally adapts to fill in their missing vision. Common symptoms of glaucoma can include: gradual loss of peripheral vision, eye pain, nausea and vomiting, sudden onset of visual disturbance, blurred vision, halos around lights, and reddening of the eye.

 

  • How to treat it

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The most common form of treatment is eye drops that can help reduce the pressure that has accumulated behind your eyes. Surgery is also an option. This can range from a common extraocular laser procedure (similar to LASIK) or to a more complicated intraocular surgery.

 

 

  • How to prevent it

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There are no sure ways to prevent glaucoma. However, a healthy diet and proper vision care can help maintain your healthy eyes. Optometrists recommend an eye exam every 5 to 10 years.

 

 

 

It is important to receive regular eye exams and maintain a healthy diet to reduce your chances of developing glaucoma, or catching it early. If you are experiencing a loss of vision, click here to scheduled your appointment with a Premier Medical Group Optometrist today.

 

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